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The Conditions of Infrastructure and the Development of Rural Communities in Imo State, Nigeria

Received: 26 May 2021    Accepted: 7 June 2021    Published: 22 June 2021
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Abstract

The quests for sustainable development of diverse sectors tend to rank very high in the global and national agenda of the 21st century. Within Nigeria and Imo State in particular, the rising scenarios of insecurity in have posed serious challenges to the socio-economic and agricultural development in some rural communities. This study elucidates the patterns and intriguing relationships between the conditions of infrastructure and the level of socio-economic development of the rural communities in Imo State. A multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting the rural areas and the respondents. A total of 44 rural communities were randomly selected and a total of 613 respondents were selected for study. Using structure questionnaire, oral interview and field observation data were generated and analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The results of the qualitative and quantitative assessments revealed that: (i) the conditions of infrastructure (road, school and hospital) were mostly poor across the three zones in Imo State. (ii) Significant relationships exist between and among the conditions of infrastructure and the level of development in rural communities Imo State as validated by a coefficient of determination of 0.934. (iii) The deplorable conditions of most rural roads impede the timely evacuation of farm products and people to the markets (urban centers). This study recommended for strategic planning, funding, restructuring, empowerment and rehabilitation of infrastructure through collaborative efforts of the Federal and State Governments for sustainable development as well as full implementation of financial autonomy of the Local Government Areas.

DOI 10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18
Published in Social Sciences (Volume 10, Issue 3, June 2021)
Page(s) 132-139
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Infrastructure, Rural Communities, Roads, Health, Security, Sustainable Development

References
[1] Umo, I. S. and Ike, M. C. A Dimension of Geographic Regions and landforms. 2020, Owerri, Ekenegrace.
[2] Nkasiobi, S. O. A Spatial Analysis of Infrastructure and socio services in Rural Nigeria: Implication for Public Policy. A paper, 2011, Retrieved Online Journal. http://www.geotropico.org
[3] Enwereuzor, A. I. Distribution of Infrastructure as Basis for Differences in Rural Development in Imo State, Nigeria. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, 2016, Imo State University, Owerri.
[4] World Bank. Infrastructure for development. Report OUP, 1994, New York.
[5] Adger, W. N. Spatial capital and climate change. Centre for Climate Change Research, 2001, Norwich, U.K.
[6] Adger, W. N. New indicator of vulnerability and adaptive capacity. Centre for Climate Change Research, 2004, Norwich, U.K.
[7] Ogbazi, J. U. Maintenance of Rural Physical Infrastructure through Capital Improvement Programmes in M. S. O. Olisa and J. I. Obiukwu (eds) page 176-182, 1992. Rural Development in Nigeria. Dynamics and strategies. Meks Link Publishers (Nig) Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
[8] Wanmali, S. Rural Infrastructure, the settlement system and development of regional economy in South India. (Research Report No. 91, 1992). Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.
[9] Idike, A. A. Rural Development in Nigeria An Overview in M. S. O. Olisa and J. I. Obiukwu (eds), 1992, 65 – 75), Rural Development in Nigeria. Dynamics and strategies. Meks link publishers (Nig) Awka, Anambara State, Nigeria.
[10] Duru, P. Stemming rural urban migration in the South Eastern state of Nigeria: The infrastructural development option. Paper presented at the 51st annual conference of Nigeria Geographers held at the Kogi State University, Anyingba 7th -11th March, 2010.
[11] Federal Republic of Nigeria. National Population Commission, 2006, Lagos.
[12] Yamane, T. Statistics: An Introductory Analysis. 2nd Edition, 1967. New York, Herper and Row.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Angela Iweka Enwereuzor, Ikpong Sunday Umo, Chinyere Lawrencia Charles-Akalonu. (2021). The Conditions of Infrastructure and the Development of Rural Communities in Imo State, Nigeria. Social Sciences, 10(3), 132-139. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18

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    ACS Style

    Angela Iweka Enwereuzor; Ikpong Sunday Umo; Chinyere Lawrencia Charles-Akalonu. The Conditions of Infrastructure and the Development of Rural Communities in Imo State, Nigeria. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(3), 132-139. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18

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    AMA Style

    Angela Iweka Enwereuzor, Ikpong Sunday Umo, Chinyere Lawrencia Charles-Akalonu. The Conditions of Infrastructure and the Development of Rural Communities in Imo State, Nigeria. Soc Sci. 2021;10(3):132-139. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18,
      author = {Angela Iweka Enwereuzor and Ikpong Sunday Umo and Chinyere Lawrencia Charles-Akalonu},
      title = {The Conditions of Infrastructure and the Development of Rural Communities in Imo State, Nigeria},
      journal = {Social Sciences},
      volume = {10},
      number = {3},
      pages = {132-139},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ss.20211003.18},
      abstract = {The quests for sustainable development of diverse sectors tend to rank very high in the global and national agenda of the 21st century. Within Nigeria and Imo State in particular, the rising scenarios of insecurity in have posed serious challenges to the socio-economic and agricultural development in some rural communities. This study elucidates the patterns and intriguing relationships between the conditions of infrastructure and the level of socio-economic development of the rural communities in Imo State. A multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting the rural areas and the respondents. A total of 44 rural communities were randomly selected and a total of 613 respondents were selected for study. Using structure questionnaire, oral interview and field observation data were generated and analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The results of the qualitative and quantitative assessments revealed that: (i) the conditions of infrastructure (road, school and hospital) were mostly poor across the three zones in Imo State. (ii) Significant relationships exist between and among the conditions of infrastructure and the level of development in rural communities Imo State as validated by a coefficient of determination of 0.934. (iii) The deplorable conditions of most rural roads impede the timely evacuation of farm products and people to the markets (urban centers). This study recommended for strategic planning, funding, restructuring, empowerment and rehabilitation of infrastructure through collaborative efforts of the Federal and State Governments for sustainable development as well as full implementation of financial autonomy of the Local Government Areas.},
     year = {2021}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - The Conditions of Infrastructure and the Development of Rural Communities in Imo State, Nigeria
    AU  - Angela Iweka Enwereuzor
    AU  - Ikpong Sunday Umo
    AU  - Chinyere Lawrencia Charles-Akalonu
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    T2  - Social Sciences
    JF  - Social Sciences
    JO  - Social Sciences
    SP  - 132
    EP  - 139
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2326-988X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20211003.18
    AB  - The quests for sustainable development of diverse sectors tend to rank very high in the global and national agenda of the 21st century. Within Nigeria and Imo State in particular, the rising scenarios of insecurity in have posed serious challenges to the socio-economic and agricultural development in some rural communities. This study elucidates the patterns and intriguing relationships between the conditions of infrastructure and the level of socio-economic development of the rural communities in Imo State. A multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting the rural areas and the respondents. A total of 44 rural communities were randomly selected and a total of 613 respondents were selected for study. Using structure questionnaire, oral interview and field observation data were generated and analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The results of the qualitative and quantitative assessments revealed that: (i) the conditions of infrastructure (road, school and hospital) were mostly poor across the three zones in Imo State. (ii) Significant relationships exist between and among the conditions of infrastructure and the level of development in rural communities Imo State as validated by a coefficient of determination of 0.934. (iii) The deplorable conditions of most rural roads impede the timely evacuation of farm products and people to the markets (urban centers). This study recommended for strategic planning, funding, restructuring, empowerment and rehabilitation of infrastructure through collaborative efforts of the Federal and State Governments for sustainable development as well as full implementation of financial autonomy of the Local Government Areas.
    VL  - 10
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Nigeria

  • Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Nigeria

  • Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Nigeria

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