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Kamaludin Gadzhiev Reflections on the Features of the National Identity of Russia

Received: 28 March 2019    Accepted: 4 June 2019    Published: 24 June 2019
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Abstract

The article attempts to analyze some, in the opinion of the author, peculiarities of Russia's national identity, which can shed additional light on the current state and prospects of the Russian national idea and Russian statehood. In the most brief form touching upon its historical roots, the main attention is focused on those endogenous factors that determined the ambivalent nature of Russia's national identity. It, as shown in the article, is manifested in the organic combination of the most contradictory components of a very complex, multi-layered, heterogeneous sociocultural and political-cultural matrix of Russia. In this regard, it is emphasized that each of its basic elements has its own antithesis. The validity of this thesis provides a number of examples, among which, for example, antitheses: statism-anarchism, conservatism-radicalism, chauvinism-internationalism, discontinuity-continuity, unity-fragmentation, etc. Considerable attention is paid to such a component of Russian identity as fragmentation, which is determined by the whole complex naturally-geographical, ethno-national, socio-cultural and other factors. In many ways, these and other factors related to them explain one of the key features of the Russian Federation, the essence of which lies in its asymmetry, which is expressed in the complex state structure, which more or less significantly differs from most modern federations. It is shown that one of the key endogenous factors arising from these realities is the situation in which the formation of all-Russian national identity is carried out at three different levels: ethnic, intermediate and all-Russian. It is concluded that the Russian national identity and, accordingly, the civil-political national state are still in the process of formation.

DOI 10.11648/j.ss.20190803.16
Published in Social Sciences (Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2019)
Page(s) 107-116
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Russia, National Identity, Ambivalence, Unity, Fragmentation

References
[1] Baring, M. 1911. The Russian people. London.
[2] Berdyaev, N. A. 1990. Russian idea. In the book: About Russia and Russian philosophical culture. Moscow/. (In Russian), p. 169.
[3] Berdyaev, N. A. 1990. The fate of Russia. Collection of articles (1914-1917). Moscow. (In Russian).
[4] Billington, J. H. 2001. Icon and axe: an interpretive history of Russian culture. Moscow (In Russian).
[5] Chekalov, P. On assimilative processes in the Abaza language. Available: http://test.alashara.org/ru/news/
[6] Frank S. L. 1992 Russian worldview. In: Frank S. L. Spiritual foundations of society. Moscow (In Russian).
[7] Guzman, T. R. Modern globalization and problems of small numbers in linguistics of the 21st century. Available: http://pandia.ru/text/78/011/3211.php. (In Russian).
[8] Hobsbaum, E. 1998. Nation and nationalism after 1780. Moscow. (In Russian).
[9] Kochetkov A. P. 2018 The ideological unity and diversity of modern Russia // Power, №2.
[10] Languages of the peoples of Russia. 2002. Red Book: Encyclopedic dictionary-directory. Moscow.
[11] Martyanov, V. S. 2006. Building a political nation and ethno-nationalism // Logos. №2. (In Russian).
[12] Martyanov, V. S. 2017. Political identity Q: Identity: personality, society, politics. Encyclopedic edition. Moscow (In Russian).
[13] Mezhuev B. V. 2018 Does Russia have its own “civilization code,” and what can it consist of? // Problems of philosophy, №7.
[14] Odoevsky, V. F. 1982 On literature and art. Moscow. (In Russian), p. 142.
[15] Pascal, P. 2007. Russian diary // Journal "Domestic Notes", 2007, №5 (In Russian).
[16] Russian religious and philosophical thought of the twentieth century. 1975. Saint Petersburg. (In Russian).
[17] Smith, A. 1995 Gastronomy or geology? The role of nationalism in the reconstruction of nations // Nations and nationalism. 1995, Vol. 1. Part 1.
[18] Soloviev, V. S. 1914. Collected writings. Second ed. In 10 volumes. V. 10. Saint Petersburg, 1914 (In Russian).
[19] Sorokin, P. A. 1992. Man, civilization, society. Moscow. (In Russian).
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  • APA Style

    Kamaludin Gadzhiev. (2019). Kamaludin Gadzhiev Reflections on the Features of the National Identity of Russia. Social Sciences, 8(3), 107-116. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20190803.16

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    ACS Style

    Kamaludin Gadzhiev. Kamaludin Gadzhiev Reflections on the Features of the National Identity of Russia. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(3), 107-116. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20190803.16

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    AMA Style

    Kamaludin Gadzhiev. Kamaludin Gadzhiev Reflections on the Features of the National Identity of Russia. Soc Sci. 2019;8(3):107-116. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20190803.16

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ss.20190803.16,
      author = {Kamaludin Gadzhiev},
      title = {Kamaludin Gadzhiev Reflections on the Features of the National Identity of Russia},
      journal = {Social Sciences},
      volume = {8},
      number = {3},
      pages = {107-116},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ss.20190803.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20190803.16},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ss.20190803.16},
      abstract = {The article attempts to analyze some, in the opinion of the author, peculiarities of Russia's national identity, which can shed additional light on the current state and prospects of the Russian national idea and Russian statehood. In the most brief form touching upon its historical roots, the main attention is focused on those endogenous factors that determined the ambivalent nature of Russia's national identity. It, as shown in the article, is manifested in the organic combination of the most contradictory components of a very complex, multi-layered, heterogeneous sociocultural and political-cultural matrix of Russia. In this regard, it is emphasized that each of its basic elements has its own antithesis. The validity of this thesis provides a number of examples, among which, for example, antitheses: statism-anarchism, conservatism-radicalism, chauvinism-internationalism, discontinuity-continuity, unity-fragmentation, etc. Considerable attention is paid to such a component of Russian identity as fragmentation, which is determined by the whole complex naturally-geographical, ethno-national, socio-cultural and other factors. In many ways, these and other factors related to them explain one of the key features of the Russian Federation, the essence of which lies in its asymmetry, which is expressed in the complex state structure, which more or less significantly differs from most modern federations. It is shown that one of the key endogenous factors arising from these realities is the situation in which the formation of all-Russian national identity is carried out at three different levels: ethnic, intermediate and all-Russian. It is concluded that the Russian national identity and, accordingly, the civil-political national state are still in the process of formation.},
     year = {2019}
    }
    

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    Y1  - 2019/06/24
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    AB  - The article attempts to analyze some, in the opinion of the author, peculiarities of Russia's national identity, which can shed additional light on the current state and prospects of the Russian national idea and Russian statehood. In the most brief form touching upon its historical roots, the main attention is focused on those endogenous factors that determined the ambivalent nature of Russia's national identity. It, as shown in the article, is manifested in the organic combination of the most contradictory components of a very complex, multi-layered, heterogeneous sociocultural and political-cultural matrix of Russia. In this regard, it is emphasized that each of its basic elements has its own antithesis. The validity of this thesis provides a number of examples, among which, for example, antitheses: statism-anarchism, conservatism-radicalism, chauvinism-internationalism, discontinuity-continuity, unity-fragmentation, etc. Considerable attention is paid to such a component of Russian identity as fragmentation, which is determined by the whole complex naturally-geographical, ethno-national, socio-cultural and other factors. In many ways, these and other factors related to them explain one of the key features of the Russian Federation, the essence of which lies in its asymmetry, which is expressed in the complex state structure, which more or less significantly differs from most modern federations. It is shown that one of the key endogenous factors arising from these realities is the situation in which the formation of all-Russian national identity is carried out at three different levels: ethnic, intermediate and all-Russian. It is concluded that the Russian national identity and, accordingly, the civil-political national state are still in the process of formation.
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Author Information
  • The National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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