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A Socioeconomic Analysis on Tobacco Cultivation in Kushtia District of Bangladesh

Received: 24 May 2013    Accepted:     Published: 30 June 2013
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Abstract

Tobacco has been introduced since mid sixties of the last century into the fields where food crops were grown, and more widely after liberation in 1971 by the British American Tobacco Company in Teesta silt in Rangpur area. Bangladesh is one of the largest tobacco consuming countries in the world. Employment in tobacco farming accounts for less than 0.5% of agricultural employment in Bangladesh. Tobacco is grown throughout the country, with the largest tobacco growing areas including Rangpur, Kushtia, and Chittagong Hill. The purpose of this paper is to reveal some basic social and economical characteristics of tobacco growers. This paper investigates the impact of tobacco cultivation on environment and health. This paper also identifies the factors which are responsible for the profits of tobacco cultivation. The paper finds that tobacco cultivation has some negative effects on environment and health though it has some short term positive effects such as more profit. The paper also shows that the profits depends on so many factors some of them are cost on seed, fertilizer and other pesticides, labor, irrigation, production, price, etc.

DOI 10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14
Published in Social Sciences (Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2013)
Page(s) 128-134
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Tobacco, Regression, Bangladesh

References
[1] Barkat A, Chowdhury AU, Nargis N, Rahman M, Kumar Pk A, Bashir S, Chaloupka FJ. , "The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in Bangladesh," Paris: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2012.
[2] Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, "Statistical Pocket Book," Ministry of Planning, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Table 9.07, 2009.
[3] Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, "Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh 2009," Ministry of Planning, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2010.
[4] Chowdhury, M. A. M., "A Socioeconomic Analysis of Tobacco Cultivation in Bangladesh: A Case Study of Meherpur, Rangpur and Rangunia," Journal of Business Studies, Vol. 1, 2001, pp. 48-65.
[5] Jha P., Chaloupka F. J., Moore J, Gajalakshmi V, Gupta P. C., Peck R, Asma S, Zatonski W., "Tobacco addiction," In: Jamison DT, Breman JG, et al. eds., Disease control priorities in developing countries, 2nd ed, Washington DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank, 2006, pp. 869-885.
[6] Jha, P. and Frank J. Chaloupka, "Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control," World Bank, Washington D.C., 1999.
[7] Shafiq Rahman, "The thriving tobacco industry", PROBE NEWS MAGAZINE, Vol. 9, Issue 39, March 18-24, 2010. http://www.probenewsmagazine.com/index.php?index=2&contentId=4337
[8] Sarkar and Haque, "Tobacco Agricultural Research in Bangladesh in the 20th Century," Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka, 2001.
[9] Farida Akhter, "Extensive cultivation of tobacco is creating food crisis in Bangladesh," UBINIG, 2010.
[10] Farida Akhter, "Tobacco cultivation is harmful," Daily New Age, Sunday, March 27, 2011. http://newagebd.com/newspaper1/archive_details.php?date=2011-03-27&nid=13131, Accessed 12/08/12
[11] Md. Mosharraf Uddin Mollah, Comparative Economics of producing alternative combinations of Rabi Crops by substituting Tobacco in Bangladesh, Consultant, UBINIG, 2010.
[12] Md. R. A. Khan, "Tobacco Control, Social, Environmental and Economic Perspective Choices for Bangladesh," Vol. 1, Department of Agricultural Marketing, 2007.
[13] Mohammad Yunus, "Craving for Nicotine: A Study on Tobacco Prevalence in Bangladesh," Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2001.
[14] Nijamul Haq Bipul, "Fertilizer subsidy was withdrawn from the tobacco farmers for upcoming season," The Jugantor, 17 April, 2010.
[15] Zohir, S., "Impact of Reforms in Agricultural Input Markets on Crop Sector Profitability in Bangladesh," mimeo., Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, Dhaka, 2001.
[16] World Health Organization, "WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic," The MPOWER Package, Geneva: World Health Organization, 2008.
[17] World Health Organization, "Impact of Tobacco-related Illnesses in Bangladesh," New Delhi, India: World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia, 2007.
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    Md. Moyazzem Hossain, Md. Mahabubur Rahman. (2013). A Socioeconomic Analysis on Tobacco Cultivation in Kushtia District of Bangladesh. Social Sciences, 2(3), 128-134. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14

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    ACS Style

    Md. Moyazzem Hossain; Md. Mahabubur Rahman. A Socioeconomic Analysis on Tobacco Cultivation in Kushtia District of Bangladesh. Soc. Sci. 2013, 2(3), 128-134. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14

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    AMA Style

    Md. Moyazzem Hossain, Md. Mahabubur Rahman. A Socioeconomic Analysis on Tobacco Cultivation in Kushtia District of Bangladesh. Soc Sci. 2013;2(3):128-134. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14,
      author = {Md. Moyazzem Hossain and Md. Mahabubur Rahman},
      title = {A Socioeconomic Analysis on Tobacco Cultivation in Kushtia District of Bangladesh},
      journal = {Social Sciences},
      volume = {2},
      number = {3},
      pages = {128-134},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ss.20130203.14},
      abstract = {Tobacco has been introduced since mid sixties of the last century into the fields where food crops were grown, and more widely after liberation in 1971 by the British American Tobacco Company in Teesta silt in Rangpur area. Bangladesh is one of the largest tobacco consuming countries in the world. Employment in tobacco farming accounts for less than 0.5% of agricultural employment in Bangladesh. Tobacco is grown throughout the country, with the largest tobacco growing areas including Rangpur, Kushtia, and Chittagong Hill. The purpose of this paper is to reveal some basic social and economical characteristics of tobacco growers. This paper investigates the impact of tobacco cultivation on environment and health. This paper also identifies the factors which are responsible for the profits of tobacco cultivation. The paper finds that tobacco cultivation has some negative effects on environment and health though it has some short term positive effects such as more profit. The paper also shows that the profits depends on so many factors some of them are cost on seed, fertilizer and other pesticides, labor, irrigation, production, price, etc.},
     year = {2013}
    }
    

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    AU  - Md. Moyazzem Hossain
    AU  - Md. Mahabubur Rahman
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20130203.14
    AB  - Tobacco has been introduced since mid sixties of the last century into the fields where food crops were grown, and more widely after liberation in 1971 by the British American Tobacco Company in Teesta silt in Rangpur area. Bangladesh is one of the largest tobacco consuming countries in the world. Employment in tobacco farming accounts for less than 0.5% of agricultural employment in Bangladesh. Tobacco is grown throughout the country, with the largest tobacco growing areas including Rangpur, Kushtia, and Chittagong Hill. The purpose of this paper is to reveal some basic social and economical characteristics of tobacco growers. This paper investigates the impact of tobacco cultivation on environment and health. This paper also identifies the factors which are responsible for the profits of tobacco cultivation. The paper finds that tobacco cultivation has some negative effects on environment and health though it has some short term positive effects such as more profit. The paper also shows that the profits depends on so many factors some of them are cost on seed, fertilizer and other pesticides, labor, irrigation, production, price, etc.
    VL  - 2
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Author Information
  • Department of Statistics, IU, Kushtia, Bangladesh

  • Department of Statistics, IU, Kushtia, Bangladesh

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