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Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2020, Page: 186-194
Exploring the Value of Clean and Safe Drinking Water to Northern Irish Adults
Hannah Blair, Gibson Institute for Land, Food & Environment, School of Biological Sciences, Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Kieran Higgins, Gibson Institute for Land, Food & Environment, School of Biological Sciences, Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Received: Sep. 24, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 13, 2020;       Published: Oct. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/      View  60      Downloads  21
Unlike many other countries, Northern Ireland residents do not pay separate water charges and there has been significant political and social controversy about their introduction. Therefore, this paper explores how Northern Ireland residents value access to clean, safe drinking water. Using the open-ended contingent valuation method, 205 adults were asked to provide their annual willingness-to-pay to maintain their current level of service provision, their willingness-to-accept to have it taken away, and their willingness-to-give to ensure similar service provision in a developing country. The results show that the value of clean, safe drinking water to Northern Irish adults is £120 per year, far less than both the real cost of provision, or the nominal amount paid through other combined charging instruments, demonstrating that said level of access to water is significantly undervalued by the Northern Irish people. Education levels and gender were found to be statistically significant predictors of willingness-to-pay and willingness-to-accept, respectively. Participants appeared to value their own access slightly more than that of people in developing countries, but not significantly more. The protest zeros observed throughout this study identified participants’ resistance to change. The results suggest introducing water charges in NI will continue to be a fraught process, with significant difficulty accepting rates set.
Northern Ireland, Water Charges, Contingent Valuation Method, Willingness-to-pay, Willingness-to-accept, Willingness-to-give
To cite this article
Hannah Blair, Kieran Higgins, Exploring the Value of Clean and Safe Drinking Water to Northern Irish Adults, Social Sciences. Vol. 9, No. 5, 2020, pp. 186-194. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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