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Volume 9, Issue 3, June 2020, Page: 67-76
Caring for People with Intellectual Disability: Experiences
John Boulard Forkuor, Department of Sociology and Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana
Odongo Attoh Douglas, Department of Sociology and Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana
Kwao Mariepearl Dekie, Department of Sociology and Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana
Received: Apr. 13, 2020;       Accepted: May 11, 2020;       Published: May 18, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ss.20200903.12      View  12      Downloads  12
Abstract
This paper reports findings on the challenges and sources of resilience of carers of Persons with Intellectually Disabilities (PwIDs) in Ghana. Semi-structured interviews were used to gather data from ten (10) institutional carers (House Mothers), and five (5) teachers at three different institutions for PwIDs in the Kumasi metropolis of Ghana. The challenges carers face is because of socio-cultural perceptions regarding PwIDs as well as work related constraints. Even though this research confirmed the fear, apprehension and negative comments by family, friends and the public to care work, it also revealed that this could be due to ignorance, lack of understanding and unfamiliarity of the public with PwIDs. Despite the challenges involved with care work such as aggressive behaviour from PwIDs for instance, carers indicated that PwIDs were ‘interesting’ and ‘funny’, making the work enjoyable. The study revealed that religion and the expectation of a future blessing from God were a major source of resilience for carers. Since increased social integration has been suggested to reduce stigma against PwIDs, this study recommends that Ghanaian social workers actively engage in discussions regarding the integration of PwIDs in day-to-day social processes. Furthermore, while it is important to build the resilience of carers, it is equally relevant for Ghanaian social workers to address the source of challenge (in this case stigma and discrimination) that necessitates this resilience in the first place.
Keywords
Persons with Intellectual Disability, Care Work and Resilience, Social Integration, Cultural Beliefs and Disabilities
To cite this article
John Boulard Forkuor, Odongo Attoh Douglas, Kwao Mariepearl Dekie, Caring for People with Intellectual Disability: Experiences, Social Sciences. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 67-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20200903.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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