Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2016, Page: 21-25
A Formulation to Eradicate Bureacratic Corruption in Indonesia: A Model of Ethics in Public Administration
Saiful Deni, Department of Administration Science, Muhammadiyah University of North Maluku, Ternate City, Indonesia
Received: Mar. 24, 2016;       Accepted: Apr. 5, 2016;       Published: May 6, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ss.20160502.13      View  3691      Downloads  106
This study tried to reveal ways to reduce bureaucratic corruption that occurred in the institutions of government agencies. Bureaucratic corruption phenomenon almost spreaded in various state structures. Most studies on bureaucratic corruption had not been able to devise means and strategies that were best in handling and reducing corruption. The results of this study also tried to offer the formulation of a new formula to eradicate corruption in Indonesia Bureaucracy through Public Administration Ethical Approach. The method used in this study described the use of literature review, which deepens various concepts of corruption eradication of bureaucracy in the literature data, read, record and process materials that formulated the theory of a formula that was expected to be the first clue to the bureaucracy of corruption eradication in Indonesia.Several theories were used in formulating the theory, among others: Teleological, Deontological; and Virtue Ethics in the Ethics Administration. Teleological theory emphasized the good and bad aspects as well as the causes and consequences of bureaucratic corruption. Deontological theory emphasized the right or bad, either an action does not depend on the outcome rather than the compulsory nature of the act itself. Deontological ethics assume that acts of corruption are things of any bad consequences. The theory of virtue ethics emphasized "good character" as evidenced by integrity. Virtue ethics could be understood from the order from the soul to do something well. The results of this study concluded that the reduction of bureaucratic corruption ideally starts from the strengthening of ethical values that are useful to distinguish between the good and the bad; better consistency of actions; morals for the government; promoting honesty and fairness; both administrative and legal actions across the government bureaucracy in Indonesia. Similarly, some of the options in reducing bureaucratic corruption are namely: needs for greater control over participatory community social dynamics; and criticism and supervision of bureaucratic behavior. The study concludes that, the corruption of the bureaucracy can be reduced if the integrity of state officials, virtue and conscience of the government to end the bad deeds is achieved.
Deontologies, Teleologies, Virtue Ethics, Bureaucratic Corruption, Administration Ethics
To cite this article
Saiful Deni, A Formulation to Eradicate Bureacratic Corruption in Indonesia: A Model of Ethics in Public Administration, Social Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 21-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20160502.13
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Annas, Julia, 2006. "Virtue Ethics", in Coop, David (ed) The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press, Inc. New York.
Bhargava, V, and Bolongaita, E, 2004. Challenging Corruption in Asia: Case Studies and a Framework for Action, The World Bank, Washington, D. C.
Bowman, J. S, 2003. "Virtue Ethics", in Rabin, Jack (ed), "Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, Marcel Dekker, New York.
Caiden, 2005. An Anatomy of Official Corruption, in Frederickson. George. H, and Ghere Richard K. (eds), Ethics in Public Management, M.E. Sharpe, New York.
Coop, David, (ed), 2006. The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press, Inc. New York.
Cooper, Terry L, (ed) 2001. The Emergence of Administrative Ethics as a Field of Study in the United State, in Handbook Of Administrative Ethics, Marcel Dekker. Inc., New York.
Eller. Warren, and Dominic A. Bearfield, 2008. Writing a Literature Review: The Art of Scientific Literature, in Miller. J Gerald and Yang Kaifenf, (ed) 2008. Handbook of Research Methods in Public Administration, CRC Press, New York.
Frederickson, H, George. 1993. Ethics and Public Administration, Publishers M.E. Sharpe, Inc. New York.
Hadiz, Vedi. R, and Dhakidae, Daniel (ed), 2005. Social Science and Power in Indonesia, Equinox Publishing ISEAS- Jakarta and Singapore.
Hart, K, David, 2001. Administration and the Ethics of Virtue In All things, Choose First for Good Character and Then for Technical Expertise, in Cooper L, Terry (ed), Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
Kang, C. David, 2004. Crony Capitalism: Corruption and Development, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press.
Onghokham, 1983. Tradition and Corruption, in Lubis, Mochtar and Scott. C James, 1985. Anthology Corruption, First Edition, LP3ES, Jakarta.
Pops, Gerald M., 2001. A Teleological Approach to Administrative Ethics, in Cooper, Terry L, (ed) 2001 "Handbook Of Administrative Ethics", Marcel Dekker. Inc., New York.
Rasuanto, Bur, 2005. Social Justice: The views Deontological Rawls and Habermas, Two Theories of Modern Political Philosophy, Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.
Zed, Mustika, 2008. Research Methods Literature, Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.
Browse journals by subject